The English verb
English verbs have the following features:
- Verbs are marked only in the 3rd person, e.g., he/she/it sits..
- There are three voices: active (I broke the vase), passive (the vase was broken by me), and middle (The vase broke).
- There are four moods: indicative, imperative, conditional, and subjunctive.
- There are three tenses: present, past, and future.
- There are two aspects: continuous, and perfect.
- Most English verbs express tense/aspect through the use of various combinations of the auxiliary verbs be and have + main verb.
- Like all Germanic languages, English has weak (regular) verbs that add -ed/-en to form the past tense, e.g., walk – walked, and strong (irregular) verbs that undergo internal vowel changes (umlaut), e.g., drink – drank.
- Words & Definitions from VOA (the Voice of America)
VOA Special English – Verbs(69 Rounds)
VOA Special English – Adjectives and Adverbs(36 Rounds)
Verbs from the VOA(14 Dozen)
Adverbs and Adjectives from the VOA (9 Dozen)
Sample conjugation: walk
|Sg.2||walk / walkest 1||walked / walkedst 1||walk!|
|Sg.3||walks / walketh 2||walked||–|
- This form is archaic and used with pronoun ‘thou’, e.g., thou walkest
- This form is archaic.
These archaic forms are not shown in Verbix on-line conjugator.