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Arabic languages

Arabic (العربية al-ʿarabiyyah or just عربي ʿarabī) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers.  Classified as Central Semitic, it is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic, and has its roots in a Proto-Semitic common ancestor. Modern Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage with 27 sub-languages.  These varieties are spoken throughout the Arab world, and Standard Arabic is widely studied and known throughout the Islamic world. 

Arabic, Standard 

The verb

As in many other Semitic languages, Arabic verb formation is based on a (usually) triconsonantal root, which is not a word in itself but contains the idea or meaning. The consonants k-t-b, for example, indicate ‘write’.

Learn the Arabic Language – Words from the Holy Quran

 

 

Qur’an Arabic Course – Lesson 1 Part 1 (Introduction, indefinite nouns)

Quranic Arabic is the highest form of Arabic that one can study.  This is the same Arabic that one learns when they go to an Arabic university. 

 

Learn Quranic Arabic

The Qur’an linguistic challenge – CHALLENGE 1

 

This is an Arabic Accent

 

 | Arabic | Arabic script |

The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing languages such as Arabic, Persian, Urdu, and others.

The alphabet was first used to write texts in Arabic — most importantly, the Qur’an, the holy book of Islam. With the spread of Islam, it came to be used to write many other languages, even outside of the Semitic family to which Arabic belongs. Examples of non-Semitic languages written with the Arabic alphabet include Persian, Urdu, Malay, Azerbaijani (in Iran) and Kurdish in Iraq and Iran. In order to accommodate the needs of these other languages, new letters and other symbols were added to the original alphabet. (See Arabic alphabets of other languages.) 

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم   -- bismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīmبسم الله الرحمن الرحيم   -- bismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm

All verbs of this surah are underlined. Click a link to see the verb conjugation table.

الفاتحة

  1. بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
    In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
  2. ٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلْعَٰلَمِينَ
    [All] praise is [due] to Allah, Lord of the worlds –
  3. ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
    The Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful,
  4. مَٰلِكِ يَوْمِ ٱلدِّينِ
    Sovereign of the Day of Recompense.
  5. إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ
    It is You we worship and You we ask for help.
  6. ٱهْدِنَا ٱلصِّرَٰطَ ٱلْمُسْتَقِيمَ
    Guide us to the straight path –
  7. صِرَٰطَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ ٱلْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا ٱلضَّآلِّينَ
    The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray.

The Quran on Verbix web site: The Quran (القرآن‎ al-qur’ān) is the central religious verbal text of Islam. Muslim consider the original Arabic verbal text to be the final revelation of God. The text of the Quran consists of 114 chapters of varying lengths, each known as a sura (سورة ‎ surah).

All the verbs on the texts have been marked. Click any verb to see the Arabic verb conjugation chart of the verb. 

Choose Surah

1. Al-Fatihah
2. Al-Baqarah
3. ‘Ali `Imran
4. An-Nisa’
5. Al-Ma’idah
6. Al-‘An`am
7. Al-‘A`raf
8. Al-‘Anfal
9. At-Tawbah
10. Yunus
11. Hud
12. Yusuf
13. Ar-Ra`d
14. ‘Ibrahim
15. Al-Hijr
16. An-Nahl
17. Al-‘Isra’
18. Al-Kahf
19. Maryam
20. Taha
21. Al-‘Anbya’
22. Al-Haj
23. Al-Mu’minun
24. An-Nur
25. Al-Furqan
26. Ash-Shu`ara’
27. An-Naml
28. Al-Qasas
29. Al-`Ankabut
30. Ar-Rum
31. Luqman
32. As-Sajdah
33. Al-‘Ahzab
34. Saba’
35. Fatir
36. Ya-Sin
37. As-Saffat
38. Sad
39. Az-Zumar
40. Ghafir
41. Fussilat
42. Ash-Shuraa
43. Az-Zukhruf
44. Ad-Dukhan
45. Al-Jathiyah
46. Al-‘Ahqaf
47. Muhammad
48. Al-Fath
49. Al-Hujurat
50. Qaf
51. Adh-Dhariyat
52. At-Tur
53. An-Najm
54. Al-Qamar
55. Ar-Rahman
56. Al-Waqi`ah
57. Al-Hadid
58. Al-Mujadila
59. Al-Hashr
60. Al-Mumtahanah
61. As-Saf
62. Al-Jumu`ah
63. Al-Munafiqun
64. At-Taghabun
65. At-Talaq
66. At-Tahrim
67. Al-Mulk
68. Al-Qalam
69. Al-Haqqah
70. Al-Ma`arij
71. Nuh
72. Al-Jinn
73. Al-Muzzammil
74. Al-Muddaththir
75. Al-Qiyamah
76. Al-‘Insan
77. Al-Mursalat
78. An-Naba’
79. An-Nazi`at
80. `Abasa
81. At-Takwir
82. Al-‘Infitar
83. Al-Mutaffifin
84. Al-‘Inshiqaq
85. Al-Buruj
86. At-Tariq
87. Al-‘A`la
88. Al-Ghashiyah
89. Al-Fajr
90. Al-Balad
91. Ash-Shams
92. Al-Layl
93. Ad-Duhaa
94. Ash-Sharh
95. At-Tin
96. Al-`Alaq
97. Al-Qadr
98. Al-Bayyinah
99. Az-Zalzalah
100. Al-`Adiyat
101. Al-Qari`ah
102. At-Takathur
103. Al-`Asr
104. Al-Humazah
105. Al-Fil
106. Quraysh
107. Al-Ma`un
108. Al-Kawthar
109. Al-Kafirun
110. An-Nasr
111. Al-Masad
112. Al-‘Ikhlas
113. Al-Falaq
114. An-Nas

Classical Arabic (فصحى fuṣḥā ) is the language found in the Quran. Classical Arabic is considered normative; modern authors attempt to follow the syntactic and grammatical norms laid down by classical grammarians, and use the vocabulary defined in classical dictionaries.

Arabic, Standard 

The verb

As in many other Semitic languages, Arabic verb formation is based on a (usually) triconsonantal root, which is not a word in itself but contains the idea or meaning. The consonants k-t-b, for example, indicate ‘write’.

All Semitic languages exhibit a unique pattern of stems consisting of “triliteral” or consonantal roots (normally consisting of three consonants), from which nouns, adjectives, and verbs are formed by inserting vowels with, potentially, prefixes, suffixes, or infixes.

For instance, the root k-t-b, “write”, yields in Arabic:
kataba كتب means “he wrote”

and in Hebrew (where it appears as k-t-ḇ):
kataḇ כתב means “he wrote” or “reporter” (m)

Prefixes and suffixes

In Arabic, the grammatical person and number as well as the mood is designated by a variety of prefixes and suffixes.  Most Arabic verbs are regular and follow a standard pattern.  

 

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